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photos copyright ©2006-2017 by Ed Nored, used by permission
Flight Gear 1944-1945 / F-3 Heated Suit Headgear / Oxygen Masks / Boots Flak Vests / Helmets / Misc
Parachutes 1943-1945 "Little Friends" Fighter Pilot Gear Dressing for a Mission
(2-xx) Jacket above is called a Jacket, Field enlisted mans ETO. jacket. Original label inside with arrow dated 1943. Manufacturer name is very faint. ? ontagne burton LTD Leeds. Feel free to send correct spelling if you know it.
(2-xx) Shown above is, according to the label. -Jacket Field Officers U.S.A. ETO- Arrow marked and made by The Rego Clothiers Ltd 194? Last # has thread sewn through it. Examples of the Officer Grade ETO jacket can be seen on the 358th Glass Crew. The 358th Grisham Crew and the 358th Holm Crew. Concerning the rank depicted on the jacket, I have to warn collectors not to place too much value on a uniform where anyone can place what they want to on it.
(2-1) Shown above is the personal A-2 worn by Louis H. Silvestry of the 714 SQ. 448th BG 8th AF (B-24s). He arrived with the unit as part of a large group of replacement crews on Jan. 7th, 1944. His remarkable record of 30 missions and the planes he served on is all documented on the back of his jacket. This is one of the most unique painted A-2's I have seen. In the book "The 448th BOMB GROUP (H)" published by SCHIFFER. Silvestry, as well as the planes, are listed and photographs show many of the planes with matching nose art matching the jacket.
(2-2) Present on the front of Silvestry's jacket is a leather name tag. Below his name are the words "armorer-gunner." Above it are hand painted wings and below the name tag is a hand painted 714th SQ. insignia.
(2-3) The serial number and brief history of each plane he served on as a replacement crew is noted. It will become apparent just how lucky he was. Silvestry flew 2 missions on "No Name Jive" # 41-29230.This plane returned to the US. He flew 1 mission on "Commanche" # 42-64477. This plane was shot down over France Mar. 1944. He flew 2 missions on "Sad Sack" # 42-285888. This plane was shot down by 190's April 29th, 1944. He flew 4 missions on "Red Sox". #42-50344. This plane was lost to flak on June 27th, 1944. He flew 2 missions on "Sweet Sioux" # 42-7683. On April 29, 44 the plane was damaged by flak and then fighters finished it off. He flew 1 mission on "Lady From Bristoll" # 42-52100. This plane was lost on Feb. 25, 44.
(2-4) He flew 2 missions on "Hard Times" # 42-7755. Salvaged Nov. 8 44 He flew 1 mission on "Feather Merchant" # 42-73477. Plane transferred to other unit. He flew 1 mission on "Anytime Annie". No info at this time. He flew 2 missions on "Doll Baby". No info at this time. He flew 1 mission on "Down and Go" # 42-7758, which crashed June 22, 1944. He flew 1 mission on "Wabash Cannon Ball" . No info. It was damaged on June 12, 44 by flak and forced to land at another airfield. His last 10 missions were on "Squat'n Droppit" #41-28710. This plane was lost on June 12, 44. Hit by flak then attacked by fighters.
(2-5) Shown above is certainly one of the most iconic pieces of flight gear of WWII – the A-2 jacket. Each jacket has its own color, texture and character. They were made even better by air crew who personalized them with bomb group and/or squadron patches. Shown above and below is the A-2 that belonged to S/Sgt Joseph Berry, who flew 30 missions as a tail gunner with the 392nd Bomb Group (B-24s). The Bomb Group patch and an 8th AF insignia has been sewn on to chest and sleeve.
(2-6) Above is the backside of S/Sgt Berry's A-2 jacket. The art work shows a B-24 coming out of the American Flag with 20 bombs dropping. Berry was from the state of Rhode Island. "Trips Daily" was the name given to the B-24. The nose art of the plane depicts an "outhouse" with the crescent moon symbol, and the figure of a women wearing an apron, head scarf, with corn cob pipe scurrying to the house. In large letters below the house is "Trips Daily." If you happen to have the 392nd BG history book, a photo of the nose art is on page 135. Joe's jacket shows 20 bombs. These symbols, just like the ones painted on the planes, recorded how many missions he had been on. His paperwork verifies 30 missions.
(2-7) Shown above is Joe's uniform he wore home. The patch of blue material behind his wings shows he was in combat. Joe is shown standing in the center of the photo on the left. In the photo on the right, he is shown kneeling far right with "Trips Daily" in the background. Upon receiving the grouping, I discovered two items not described from the seller. His Rosary beads and cross were in the pocket of the uniform above, and discovered in one pocket of the A-2 was the bullet from a .50 Caliber machine gun. It was covered with that sticky green patina, confirming it had been there a very long time. It seems to me that for a gunner, it would have be an obvious souvenir to bring home. Also shown are the smaller version of the gunner wings. A good amount of paper work also accompanied the grouping. It's a real honor to own this veteran's items.
(2-8) Shown above is a the early war period B-3 life preserver or "Mae West." The date of manufacture is September 1942. This vest is a much more comfortable vest to wear than the B-4. It's a tad bit narrower and more flexible. It is easily identified by its square leather piece on the front.
(2-9) Shown above is the B-4 life preserver and the original box it came in. The B-3 was made of material on the outside and a rubber bladder inside.. The B-4 was all rubber and more rigid. The date of manufacture is February 1943. It replaced the B-3.
(2-10) The red hoses shown on the 2,July 1943 dated B-4 life preservers are original to the vests. Red hoses show up on B-3's also. These 2 vests came straight out of a 91st BG vet's B-4 bag. This vet's items were sold on ebay. Sadly, the seller sold his items separately, which is often the case for "groupings." In the case of this 91st. vet, they were sold to buyers in the U.K., France, Belgium and the US. Sadly it is also the case with photo albums. Sellers make more money selling each photo individually.
(2-11) Beginning with the above photo and a few others I will do my best to show you the gear that the early crews wore. Above on the left is the B-3 Mae West over the A-2 jacket with headset over officers crusher cap. On the far right is the B-3 jacket with B-6 helmet. If you have never seen the item in the center before, let me confirm that it is as blue as you think it is -- the famous F-1 "blue bunny" heated suit. To see examples of this suit go to the 359th Eisenhart Crew. Eisenhart is wearing the F-1 and is shaking the hand of Gen Travis, who is wearing the F-2. Another example is the Cogswell Crew. Look at S/Sgt Paul Davis. Also see the Fyler crew and Lt. Jackson in Lead Crew #75.
(2-12) You should understand that because new and improved flight gear arrived, it didn't mean that all of the early items of flight gear was thrown away. You can still see traces of it in 1945 including the F-1 suit. Two of the quickest items to disappear would have been the heavy leather shearling B-3 jacket and A-3 pants. Pictured above is the A-4 flight suit which in some cases would have been worn over the F-1. Go to Lead Crew Mission #191 and check out Lt Nance. In Lead Crew Mission #219, 1Lt Blythe is wearing the A-4 flight suit underneath the F-2 heated uniform.
(2-13) Over the F-1 and over the A-4 suit, if desired, came the A-3 leather pants, shown here without the A-4. After the pants, the B-3 jacket would top things off.
(2-14) Shown are the gloves that go with the F-1. From a collecting aspect, the gloves and the booties that go with this suit are extremely rare. The cord and plug leading from the glove are nearly the same as the plug you have on any of your present day lamps or appliances. To see gloves hanging from the F-1, see Lead Crew Mission #30. The man with the gloves is wearing what appears to be the AAC B-1 flight suit. The yellow tag on the suit states this particular F-1 has been inspected and found to be "serviceable" and dated 1945. I will let the next owner of this suit determine if it works or not. Click on Dressing for a Mission to see a crewman donning the F-1 suit for a mission. See him about to plug in his glove to the connector on the sleeve of the F-1 and see him connect his heated shoes.
(2-15) vvvv vvvv
(2-16) Shown above and below are the correct heated shoes for the F-1. The label inside shoe reads, "Shoe Pilot Electrically heated 24 volts D.C. Type D-1." After slipping the heated shoes on and plugging them into the suit, the wearer would then slip them into the A-6 boot.
(2-17) see the caption above
(2-18) Typical gear and look of the first year in England. The parachute would not have any red paint marking on it at this time, so overlook that please. Lead Crew Mission #24 has the chute as well as B-2 caps, throat mics, A-9 gloves and QAC harnesses. The HBT general purpose bags probably contained oxygen masks personal items etc. Lead Crew Mission #21 shows more similar items.
(2-19) In 1943 the 8th AAF acquired the R.A.F. parachute and harness referred to as the "Observer harness." It is shown above over the B-3 Mae West and A-2 jacket. Attached to the harness is the early style First Aid Pak. It contained the morphine syrette, tourniquet and a single bandage. This item is extremely rare and very hard to find, so I am happy to have it and be able to share it. This First Aid pouch was slowly replaced with the type you see tied to my harnesses in the photo shoot around "909", but I have noticed they still show up on fighter pilot photos late in the war, including Ace Kit Carson of the 357th FG. The crewman above also wears the B-6 helmet with the R.A.F. Mark 7 VII goggles. R.A.F. gloves lie unused in front of him, as well as another example of a B-2 cap with name tag on bill. To see parachute and harness, see the Moser Crew of the 359th BS. A standard issue G.I. helmet hangs from the harness. The crews removed the liner so it would fit over the flight helmet gear and any crewman was happy to get one. See the helmet as well as an early First Aid Pak in the 359th Campbell Crew photo. Also worth noting with this crew is that three of the men do not have the ear cups that hold the receivers to their flight helmets permanently attached. The are still using what appears to be the HS-38 radio headsets. Another example of the RAF harness, this time with the zippered First Aid Kit attached, is in Lead Crew #121. RAF Mark VII goggles can be seen on Lead Crew Mission #35. Another example of the harness and chute can be seen in the 359th Loughnan Crew.
(2-20) The man above is based on several of the men in the Vere A. Wood Crew of the 427th. I was surprised to see this crew still equipped with the gear typical of 1943, with the photo dated March 29, 1944. The man above wears an A-4 under the B-3 Mae West. An unmarked QAC has a A-8b oxygen mask hanging in front of it. My mask shown is a postwar example. A good condition wartime A-8b is extremely rare. The B-6 helmet is under the Mk VII goggles. He has A-9 gloves, the AN-6513 1a parachute, and across from it the K-20 camera. You can see the K-20 camera in the hands of 2Lt Wilson in the Lead Crew photo for Mission 142.
(2-21) The goggles are the AN-6530s. As mentioned earlier, the B-7 goggles are nearly identical when seen in photos of crews. The B-6 helmet displays a leather name tag and the parachute is attached to the harness.
(2-22) This is the classic look of the early days. The A-2 over the dark green A-4 suit with headset over the crusher. R.A.F. 1941 pattern gloves cover the hands and an early AN-6513 chute is attached to the QAC.
(2-24) Shown above is the B-7 parachute. There is an excellent photo of the famous "Hell Angel's" B-17 and one of the crew S/Sgt Smith of the R.C. Sanders crew is posed perfectly wearing the B-7. The B-7 was worn only for a short time and since the war few exist. My example is part authentic part reproduction. The harness is 100% authentic but the parachute pack had to be reproduced. The man to call for excellent reproductions is Joshua DeJong . JD was able to finish the pack with waist belt and constructed it using wartime surplus materials. There is another good shot of the B-7 from the side at Lead crew #26. You'll have to scroll down at that page.
(2-25) Based on 1Lt Vern Moncur, the B-3 jacket with officers hat.
(2-26) Shown above is another example of the B-3 jacket. This particular model has the more desired 2 tone leather for the pocket, trim and added shoulder pieces.
(2-27) Above are two examples of the HBT coveralls worn by the ground crew . The short billed HBT hat shows on the mechanic who has the 4 buckle overshoes under his right arm. The other suit hanging on the right is the early AAC B-1 flight coveralls. It should be pointed out that some of the aircrew at times would wear any of the HBT coveralls.
(2-28) Shown above is the D-1 jacket and B-2 cap worn by many of the ground crew and support personal. Sometimes the jacket will have pockets. The D-1 weighs about half that of the B-3.